A Chronology of Eighteenth Century Novels

1689
A Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke
Two Treatises of Government by John Locke
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke

1690
A Second Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke

1690-1696
Athenian Gazette, afterwards The Athenian Mercury, written & published by John Dunton

1692 Daniel Defoe bankrupted with debts of £17,000.
A Third letter for Toleration by John Locke
The Fables of Æsop and other Eminent Mythologists: with Moral Reflections by Roger L’Estrange

1693
Some Thoughts Concerning Education by John Locke

1695 The Licensing Act lapses.
The Reasonableness of Christianity, as delivered in the Scriptures by John Locke
A Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity by John Locke

1696
Christianity Not Mysterious A Treatise Shewing, That there is nothing in the Gospel Contrary to Reason, Nor Above It: And that no Christian Doctrine can be properly called A Mystery by John Toland (the first person called a freethinker)

1697
An Essay Upon Projects by Daniel Defoe
The Works of Virgil by John Dryden
A Letter in Answer To a Book entitled Christianity not Mysterious by John Tolland
Method to Science by John Sergeant
Solid Philosophy Asserted against the Fancies of the Ideists: or the Method to Science Farther Illustrated, with Reflections on Mr Locke’s Essay concerning Human Understanding by John Sergeant

1698
An Argument Showing That a Standing Army with Consent of Parliament is not Inconsistent with Free Government by Daniel Defoe
An Enquiry into the Occasional Conformity of Dissenters in Cases of Preferment by Daniel Defoe
The Bishop of Worcester’s Answer To Mr Locke’s Second Letter by Edward Stillingfleet

1699
Third Remarks Upon an Essay Concerning Human Understanding by Thomas Burnet
Fables and Storyes Moralized by Roger L’Estrange

1700
The Two Great Questions Considered by Daniel Defoe
The Six Distinguishing Characters of a Parliament Man by Daniel Defoe
Fables Ancient and Modern by John Dryden

1701 the exiled James II dies: Louis XIV declares his son rightful king of England. The Act of Settlement declares the Electress Sophia and her descent as the royal family of the United Kingdom, once both King William I and his sister and successor, Queen Anne, have died.
The True-Born Englishman by Daniel Defoe
A Vindication of the Rights of the Commons of England by Daniel Defoe
A Free Discourse concerning Truth and Error by John Edwards

1702 King William dies; succeeded by Queen Anne. A parliamentary bill to ban occasional conformity.
The Daily Courant commences, England’s first daily newspaper.
The Observator written & published by John Tutchin, in dialogue form.
The Shortest Way with the Dissenters by Daniel Defoe
Anti-Scepticism, or Notes Upon each Chapter of Mr Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding by Henry Lee

1703 January: warrant issued for arrest of Defoe. May: Defoe arrested. July: Defoe found guilty & sentenced to 3 public displays in the pillory & imprisonment in Newgate. Wrote Hymn to the Pillory. Released from Newgate in November.

1704 John Locke dies. Battle of Bleinheim.
Defoe begins his Review as an organ of moderation and of broad commercial interests. Defoe’s chief contribution to journalism at this period is his abandonment of dialogue form and of the partisan tone of his predecessors and contemporaries. Four pages. Tri-weekly. Review runs 17 February, 1704 to 11 June, 1713.
The Rehearsal (newspaper) written by Charles Leslie, chief organ of the high churchmen.
Giving Alms No Charity by Daniel Defoe
A Tale of A Tub & The Battle of The Books by Jonathan Swift

1705 The Consolidator, a political allegory by Daniel Defoe.
A True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs. Veal, the next Day after her Death, to one Mrs. Bargrave at Canterbury, the 8th of September, 1705 by Daniel Defoe

1706 Jure Divino by Daniel Defoe, a ‘ponderous’ verse treatise on the theory of monarchy. October 1706-December 1707 Defoe in Scotland working for Harley to help the Act of Union, spying & writing reports to Harley, and anonymous pamphlets to support the act.
Horae Lyricae by Isaac Watts

1707 Act of Union with Scotland
Hymns by Isaac Watts

1709
Pastorals by Pope
The Tatler founded (thrice weekly)
History of the Union by Defoe

1710
A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
by Bishop Berkeley
Theodicy by Leibniz

1711
An Essay on Criticism by Alexander Pope
The Spectator founded (daily). ‘Steele and Addison were for the middle class life but not exactly of it.’ (Ian Watt The Rise of The Novel, p.54)
The Conduct of the Allies and of the late Ministry in beginning and carrying on the present war by Jonathan Swift

1712
The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope

1713 The Treaty of Utrecht ends the War of Spanish Succession
Windsor Forest by Alexander Pope
On The Conduct of the Allies by Jonathan Swift
Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (Locke and Berkeley) by Bishop Berkeley

1714 Queen Anne dies. George I ascends the throne.
Monadology by Leibniz

1715 First Jacobite Uprising.
Divine Songs the first children’s hymn book by Isaac Watts

1719 The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an uninhabited Island on the coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver’d by Pirates. Written by Himself by Daniel Defoe
Love In Excess by Eliza Haywood
Psalms of David by Isaac Watts

1720 –THE FARTHER ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE; Being the Second and Last Part OF HIS LIFE, And of the Strange Surprizing Accounts of his Travels Round three Parts of the Globe. Written by Himself. To which is added a Map of the World, in which is Delineated the Voyages of ROBINSON CRUSOE by Daniel Defoe
The History of the Life and Adventures of Mr. Duncan Campbell (the deaf and dumb conjurer) by Daniel Defoe
Memoirs of a Cavalier, A Military Journal of the Wars in Germany, and the Wars in England. From the Year 1632 to the Year 1648 by Daniel Defoe.
The Life, Adventures and Piracies of the Famous Captain Singleton by Daniel Defoe
The Iliad translated by Alexander Pope
A Select Collection of Novels and Histories edited by Samuel Croxall

1721
Sermons by Isaac Watts

1722
The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe
A Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe
The History and Remarkable Life of the truly Honourable Colonel Jacque by Daniel Defoe
Aesop’s Fables translated by Samuel Croxall

1724
The Fortunate Mistress or Roxana by Daniel Defoe
A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain by Daniel Defoe
The Drapier’s Letters by Jonathan Swift
Shakespeare’s Works edited by Alexander Pope. It is criticism of this edition’s many mistakes that crystalised Pope’s decision to write The Dunciad.

1726
Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift
The Odyssey translated by Alexander Pope
Logic by Isaac Watts

1727 Death of Sir Isaac Newton

1728
Memoirs of Captain George Carleton by Daniel Defoe
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift
The Dunciad by Pope
Ephraim Chambers’s Cyclopedia
The Procedure, Extent and Limits of Human Understanding by Peter Browne
Two Dissertations Concerning Sense and the Imagination, with an Essay on Consciousness by Zachary Mayne

1729
A Select Collection of Novels and Histories 2nd Edition edited by Samuel Croxall

1730
The Seasons by James Thomson
Catechisms of Isaac Watts

1731 Daniel Defoe dies. Founding of The Gentlemen’s Magazine by Edward Cave.
Philosophical Essays on Various Subjects by Isaac Watts

1732
Scripture History by Isaac Watts

1734
Essay on Man by Alexander Pope

1735
The Dunciad Variorum by Alexander Pope

1736
The Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed by Bishop Butler

1738
The World To Come by Isaac Watts

1739
A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume

1740 First circulating library opened in London
Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded by Samuel Richardson
An Apology for The Life of Mrs Shamela Andrews by Henry Fielding

1741
The Improvement of the Mind by Isaac Watts
The Anti-Pamela; or Feign’d Innocence Detected by Eliza Haywood

1742 The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews and his Friend, Mr. Abraham Abrams by Henry Fielding
The Complaint, or Night Thoughts on Life, Death and Immortality by Edward Young

1743
The History of the Life of the Late Mr. Jonathan Wild the Great by Henry Fielding

1743
The New Dunciad by Pope

1744 Alexander Pope dies.
Life of Savage by Samuel Johnson
Essays Moral and Political by David Hume

1745 Jonathan Swift dies. Jacobite Rebellion. Battle of Culloden.

1747
Clarissa, or The History of a Young Lady by Samuel Richardson
Zadig ou la Destinée (Zadig, or The Book of Fate) by Voltaire

1748
The Adventures of Roderick Random by Tobias Smollett
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume

1749
The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling by Henry Fielding
Fanny Hill, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure by John Cleland
The Vanity of Human Wishes by Samuel Johnson
A Journey From This World To The Next by Henry Fielding

1750 Feb 8th: small earthquake hits London. Bishop Sherlock writes his Letter

1752
The Female Quixote; or, The Adventures of Arabella by Charlotte Lennox

1751
Amelia by Henry Fielding
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle by Tobias Smollett
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals by David Hume
The Covent Garden Journal, edited by Henry Fielding
First volume of the Encyclopedie ou Dictionnaire raisonne de sciences, des arts et des metiers by Denis Diderot

1753
Ferdinand Count Fathom by Tobias Smollett
The History of Sir Charles Grandison by Samuel Richardson
Poems by Thomas Gray

1754 The 7 Years War begins.

1754-62
The History of Great Britain by David Hume

1755 November 1, earthquake strikes Lisbon, followed by a tsunami: together killing 60-100,000 people and destroying the city, striking on a religious holiday and destroying almost every church in the city. The event was widely discussed by European Enlightenment philosophers, and inspired major developments in theodicy and in the philosophy of the sublime.
Dictionary of the English Language by Samuel Johnson
Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon by Henry Fielding

1756
A Vindication of Natural Society by Edmund Burke

1757
A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful by Edmund Burke

1759
Rasselas by Samuel Johnson
A Political Romance by Laurence Sterne
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gent. Vols I & II by Laurence Sterne
Candide by Voltaire
The Theory of Moral Sentiments by David Hume

1760 George III ascends the throne.
The Life and Adventures of Launcelot Greaves by Tobias Smollett
The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1761
Julie ou La Nouvelle Heloise by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
A Description of Millenium Hall and the Country Adjacent by Sarah Scott
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy Vols III & IV
by Laurence Sterne

1762
The Life & Opinions of Tristram Shandy Vols V & VI
The Expedition of Humphry Clinker by Tobias Smollett
Émile, or Treatise on Education by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
The Citizen of the World by Oliver Goldsmith
Sophia by Charlotte Lennox

1763 The Seven Years War ends

1764
The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole
The Traveller by Oliver Goldsmith
Philosophic Dictionary by Voltaire
Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense by Thomas Reid

1765
The Life & Opinions of Tristram Shandy Vols VI & VIII

1766
The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith

1767
The Life & Opinions of Tristram Shandy Vol IX
The Female American; or, The Adventures of Unca Eliza Winkfield
by Anonymous
L’Ingénu by Voltaire

1768 Joshua Reynolds becomes first President of the Royal Academy. First weekly instalments of the Encyclopedia Britannica.
A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy by Lawrence Sterne (Sterne dies a month after publication)
The Good-Natured Man by Oliver Goldsmith

1769 James Cook lands in New Zealand. James Watt patents a condenser to improve efficiency of steam engines. Richard Arkwright invents a spinning frame to mechanise cotton weaving.
The History and Adventures of an Atom by Tobias Smollett

1770 Captain Cook explores Australia: discovers the Barrier Reef, Botany Bay.
The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith

1771
The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker by Smollett
The Man of Feeling by Henry Mackenzie

1773 Calcutta becomes the capital of British India.
She Stoops To Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith

1774 Joseph Priestley identifies oxygen.
The Sorrow of Young Werther by Goethe

1775 American Revolution begins with battles at Concord, Lexington.
Tour of the Western Isles of Scotland by Samuel Johnson

1776 American Declaration of Independence.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

1778
Evelina by Fanny Burney

1779
Lives of the Poets by Samuel Johnson
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion by David Hume

1780 The anti-Catholic Gordon Riots in London.

1782
Cecilia by Fanny Burney
Les Liaisons Dangereuses by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos

1783 Paris Peace Treaty ends American Revolution.

1785
Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man by Thomas Reid
The 120 Days of Sodom, or the School of Libertinism (Les 120 journées de Sodome ou l’école du libertinage by Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade

1788 first convicts transported from Britain to Australia.
Essays on the Active Powers of Man by Thomas Reid

1789 George Washington elected first President of the United States.
Songs of Innocence by William Blake

1790
Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell by William Blake

1791
Justine (or The Misfortunes of Virtue) by Donatien Alphonse François de Sade

1792
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman by Mary Wollstonecraft

1793 Reign of Terror in Paris
Visions of the Daughter of Albion by William Blake
Enquiry concerning Political Justice, and its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness by William Godwin

1794
The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe
Things as They Are; or The Adventures of Caleb Williams by William Godwin
Climax of the Terror. Robespierre guillotined.
Songs of Experience by William Blake

1795
The Book of Los by William Blake

1796 First vaccination administered by Edward Jenner
Camilla by Fanny Burney
Memoirs of Emma Courtney by Mary Hays

1797
The Coquette or, The History of Eliza Wharton by Hannah Webster Foster

1798
An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it affects the Future Improvement of Society with remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers by Rev Thomas Malthus
Clermont by Regina Maria Roche
Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman by Mary Wollstonecraft
Wieland: or, The Transformation: An American Tale by Charles Brockden Brown

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